That would have seemed incredible in 1990, when there were 2,245 murders in New York, but starting on Wednesday, there were only 286 this year, the lowest record since reliable documents have been kept.
In fact, the crime fell in New York in each of the main categories of crime – homicide and manslaughter, rape, assault, robbery, burglary, armed robbery and car theft – to a total of 94 806 Sunday, well below the previous record of 101,716 set last year
If the trend continues for a few more days, the total homicides this year will be lower than its previous record of 333 in 2014, and the crime will have decreased for 27 years, to levels that police officials have said are the lowest since the 1950s. The figures, taken together, depict a city of 8.5 million people more and more secure as police, under Mayor Bill de Blasio, use less lethal force, make fewer arrests and reduce controversial practices such as arresting and searching thousands of people on the streets
There is no denying that the & # 39; Arc is truly exceptional in the uninterrupted series of declining crime, "said William J. Bratton, who retired from his second police commissioner warrant the & # 39; last year.
But officials see a concern: a slight increase in reports of rape towards the end of the year. The increase, which officials said a number of attacks higher than normal more than a year ago, coincided with the publication of charges against Harvey Weinstein, who has gave birth to the #MeToo movement encouraging victims to come forward. Municipal police officials said they believed media coverage had played a role in the upsurge of reports, but they also attributed their own efforts to fighting domestic violence by encouraging victims to take the initiative.
One word, at 1,417, sex crimes offenses – a catch-all for various types of misconduct that includes trial and error – increased by 9.3 percent to 3,585 so far. .
Lower homicide numbers are still preliminary – and include an announced Wednesday night – but they accompany big drops in murders in major cities like Chicago and Detroit, while They contrast with huge increases in murders in smaller cities like Charlotte and Baltimore
Mr. Bratton arrived in 1990 to become the head of the then-separate transit police. Not only were there 2,245 murders that year, but there were more than 527,000 major crimes and more than 5,000 people were shot. Shots plunged to 774 so far this year, well below the 998 record of last year. And for the first time, less than 1,000 people were injured by bullets: 917 Sunday.
a blessing for Mr. de Blasio, a democrat elected on the promise of a police reform – promises that triggered warnings of chaos from his opponents in 2013. But the contrary has occurred, placing it on an equal footing a police department has been transformed to show greater restraint as it focuses on trust in the city's neighborhoods.
Franklin E. Zimring, a professor at the University of Berkeley, Calif., Said: "Achievement," but she raised another question: how long will the crime fall?
"We do not know when we have exhausted the possibilities of declining urban crime, and we will not know New York is bottoming out," said Zimring, who analyzed the first 20 years of reduction of New York's Historical Crime and Exposed on this in a Book.
Mr. de Blasio and Police Commissioner, James P. O'Neill, Attribute Recent Decline in Crime at the insistence of the Police Department to prosecute relatively small groups of people – mainly gangs and repeat offenders – responsible for most crimes – to build relationships in communities where trust has been tense.
Bratton applauded the police's political support to the mayor, who funded investments in the hiring of officers, training, equipment and drug inversion.
One of the The result is that police use murderous force less often. On December 20, the police intentionally set fire to their service weapons in 23 meetings, a record number, compared with 37 in 2016. The police department said the police were relying more on the stun guns that were used 491 times in November. times during the same period in 2016. More than 15,000 officers have been trained to use them.
But criminologists disagree about the cause of continuing declines. Mr. Zimring said that although better police services accounted for much of the decline in crime since 1990, this was no longer the main factor. New York is "on tiptoe" towards a 90 percent decline in crime for reasons that remain "completely mysterious," he said.
More broadly, research suggests that criminal trends are closely related to economic conditions. According to James Austin, president of the JFA Institute, a nonprofit criminal justice agency, interest rates, inflation, and unemployment are among the macroeconomic factors influencing crime.
The reductions in New York are a part of what the Brennan Center for Justice predicts a 2.7% drop in crime rates and a 5.6% drop in murder rates in the largest cities of the country. After a record bloodshed last year, murders in Chicago decreased by 15%
In August, the rape was down in New York by 7% from the year last, but a slight increase in September October and November. The New York Times first laid charges against Mr. Weinstein on October 5th.
Reports of rape occurring during a previous year increased by almost 12% until November. In response, the Police Department adds investigators to its Special Victims Unit and has modernized the techniques used by investigators to investigate complaints
"We can not answer definitively," says Commissioner O & # 39; Neill. journalists at a briefing on the crime this month. "At least I can not, but we see people moving forward and having faith in the NYPD And that's what we want to happen."
Whatever the reason for crime reduction in New York, statistics do not capture the complete picture of public safety. Some crimes are not represented completely or not at all: acts of domestic violence, sexual assault, identity theft, hate crimes and shootings that do not result in injury or damage.
In some cases, the data are horrible crimes: an ISIS-inspired truck attack on a Manhattan bicycle trail on Halloween that has killed eight people; the ambush killing of a police officer, Miosotis Familia, 48, who was shot in the head on July 4 while he was sitting in his R.V. style command post in the Bronx; the death of Timothy Caughman, 66, a black man, in the hands of a white supremacist wielding the sword on March 20.
Increasingly, officers receive calls to help people in emotional crises. Police responded to 157,000 calls of this type in 2016. But 7,000 officers received crisis intervention training to handle these situations.
While most police meetings are resolved without the police resorting to lethal force. The distress – including Dwayne Young on July 31 in Brooklyn and Miguel Richards on Sept. 6 in the Bronx – drew attention. A police sergeant, Hugh Barry, was charged with murder in May for the deadly murder of a woman with mental illness, Deborah Danner, in October 2016. His trial is scheduled to begin in January.
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