[HOT] – Europe Edition: Catalonia, Japan, Robert Mugabe: Your Monday Briefing

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Here is what you need to know:

• In an unusually strong movement, Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy , seeks to take control of the administration of Catalonia and to dismiss his separatist leader, Carles Puigdemont.

The Senate could grant him the authority provided for in Article 155 of the Constitution, a broad but ill-defined tool used, by Friday. Mr. Puigdemont could always ask legislators to vote for a unilateral declaration of independence or to call an election.

Both parties share the responsibility to let the conflict escape dangerously out of control, writes our correspondent.

Barcelona, ​​which hosts many migrants from other parts of Spain, has found itself divided.


• In the Czech Republic, billionaire oligarch Andrej Babis defeated traditional parties in parliamentary elections and is almost certain to lead a coalition government.

Meanwhile in Italy, voters in the northern regions of Veneto and Lombardy have endorsed negotiations for greater autonomy of the central government in Rome. The Slovenian presidential election is scheduled for next month

And in Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's victory in parliamentary elections has raised the possibility that he is moving quickly to try to change the pacifism of the country.


• In Syria, US-backed militiamen seized the largest oil field in the country of the Islamic State, in which narrowly beating pro-government forces. Our graphic editors have traced the militant group's progress, and the subsequent retreat, in the cards.

In Iran, President Hassan Rouhani leads a crackdown on the economic power of the Guards Corps of the Islamic Revolution, which was considered a drag But speaking in Saudi Arabia, the Secretary of State Rex Tillerson warned Europeans not to invest in some Iranian companies as the United States plans to reimpose sanctions against Iran.


• Russia attempts to turn the tide against William Browder, a prominent critic: Prosecutors say Mr. Browder, a hedge fund manager, collaborated with the British secret service to murder Sergei Magnitsky, a tax lawyer whose death in a Russian prison led to international sanctions.

The corruption lawsuit of a former minister of the economy suggests that infighting is increasing within Presid In the meantime, in Washington, the three congressional investigations on Russia's interference in the 2016 US presidential election have come up against serious obstacles. The definitive conclusions seem to be more and more improbable


Iceland lost most of its trees over a thousand years ago years ago, when the Viking settlers took their axes in the forests that covered a quarter of the countryside

Now, Icelanders would like to recover some of these forests, improve and stabilize the country's rough soils, help the 39, agriculture and combating climate change. But reforestation is a slow and arduous task.


• Fox News gave Bill O. Reilly a new docking contract at the beginning of the 39; year. After the emergence of a $ 32 million sexual harassment case previously revealed, a Times investigation reveals that

the giants of Silicon Valley intelligence – and AI offer surprisingly rewarded specialists.

• Some of the largest banks in Europe are expected to publish quarterly results this week. Here's a look at the upcoming week in business

Here's a look at world markets.

In the news

• Thousands of protesters marched in Malta's capital Valletta in last week's murder scandal of Daphne Caruana Galizia, the most famous journalist in the country. Virtually no one expects his murder to be solved. [The New York Times]

• The World Health Organization has dropped Zimbabwe's leader, Robert Mugabe, as a "goodwill ambassador" after days of widespread criticism. [The New York Times]

• The CIA extends its clandestine operations in Afghanistan, sending small teams of officers and contractors alongside Afghan forces to kill Taliban militants . [The New York Times]

• In Washington, Senator John McCain, a Republican, forged a new role since his diagnosis of cancer: a seasoned statesman and a truth-teller. [The New York Times]

• Prosecutors in France charged eight men, aged 17 to 29, with what they called a far-right terrorist plot. [Politico]

The Times mapped 30 videos in order to provide a complete picture of what happened during mass shooting in Las Vegas on October 1st. [The New York Times]

• "Being fat in France is a loser," said the author of a successful memoir in a country to with often overt stigma and increasing obesity. [The New York Times]

• Conspiracy theorists rejoice: President Trump said that he was going to publish the latest documents relating to Kennedy's assassination. [The New York Times]

Smarter Living

Tips, both old and new, for a more fulfilling life.

• Recipe of the day: Finding perfection at the bottom of a perfectly cooked katsudon, bowl of pork-escalope rice from Japan

• Exercise is not only good for your body, suggests a new study. It also protects your brain against dementia.

• You know when a word is on the tip of your tongue but just can not think of it? Here's why (and more, in this week's Smarter Living newsletter.)


• For over a century, the caucus was one of the most significant events of American football. But in the NFL today, it slowly disappears

• "Many people have said, do not you want to be hostess to # 39; air "? It's Jane Goodall, the primatologist, discussing her career in a new documentary that includes unpublished footage of her work among chimpanzees in Tanzania in the 1960s.

• An exhibition at coming to Haarlem, the Netherlands, will show that many paintings of the Dutch Golden Age "have a joke as their very core."

• And our Behavioral Science Journalist explains why so many of us are vulnerable to false news on social media

History of Return

"They measure two inches and are very German.They are blue and live deep in the forest."

This is how the Times introduced its readers to the Smurfs, a series of cartoons and merchandising that first appeared in 1958.

The Smurfs were the work of Belgian cartoonist Pierre Culliford, who wrote his work under the pseudonym Peyo.

In the beginning, the uniform characters of gnomelike played a secondary role in another comic book. series, but they soon had their own albums and movies. (See detailed history.)

In the United States, they are gaining popularity under their Dutch name, the "Smurfs", becoming a reference of pop culture after the beginning of a year. Saturday morning television show in 1981.

Now there is the concept of "smurf" among computer players, referring to the skilled players who play anonymously. In the banking sector, "smurf" is a form of money laundering carried out by a multitude of couriers. There is the break-dance style of the 1980s and there are the theories of the Smurfs' conspiracy

Six years ago, a village in Spain agreed to paint all its buildings in blue for the first time. A film Smurf. The publicity stunt worked and turned the sleepy colony into a tourist attraction.


Your morning briefing is published weekdays and updated online.

This paper has been prepared for the European morning. Browse the past briefings here.

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