WASHINGTON – Congressional Republicans, Weary of the # 39; Senate approval Saturday morning of a historic tax redesign, expressed confidence that the final legislation would be sent to President Trump by the end of this month.
While the tax bills approved by the House and Senate differ significantly, the same forces that sped up the measures seemed likely to bind Republicans in both chambers while in the US. they strive to dispel the differences.
Republicans passed their drastic tax revision in the Senate just before two o'clock on Saturday, two weeks after the House passed its own measure. The Senate vote was 51 to 49, with every Republican except one – Senator Bob Corker of Tennessee – in favor. Senate leaders froze the necessary votes Friday with little drama, after making concessions to a handful of hesitant Republicans.
The $ 1.5 trillion tax reduction project went through Congress. in the House, with Republicans united in their belief in the economic power of tax cuts and desperate for a legislative victory to appease agitated campaigners and grassroots supporters.
During a press conference, Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, expressed little doubt that a consensus plan would soon become law after a conference committee resolved the differences between the two bills. "It's a great day for the country," said McConnell. Trump echoed this optimism, writing on Twitter that "we are one step closer to achieving massive tax cuts" and that he looked forward to signing a final bill before Christmas.
The differences between the measures do not seem so embarrassing to prevent Mr. Trump from achieving this goal, which would be his first major legislative victory.
Among the issues that will need to be resolved: Under the Senate bill, the tax cuts for individuals expire at the end of 2025 to mitigate income losses, and the mandate that the individuals get health insurance under the Affordable Care Act would be repealed. The House bill does not have these provisions.
Both versions also use different methods to prevent multinational corporations from transferring their profits out of the United States and into lower tax countries.
the House bill would establish a new top tax rate of 25 percent for profits made by small businesses and other so-called pass-through companies, while the Senate bill would grant owners of these corporations a deduction from
The bill would eliminate the alternative minimum tax for corporations and individuals and would eventually eliminate inheritance tax . The Senate bill would maintain A.M.T. and cut, but not finish, the individual A.M.T.
Yet, bills share much of the same architecture and many basic elements. Each would reduce the highest corporate tax rate from 20% to 35%. Each would eliminate tax deductions for national and local income taxes, almost double the standard deduction for individual taxfilers, and reduce individual tax rates. Because of these provisions, both bills should lower taxes initially for the bulk of middle-class taxpayers, while increasing them on millions of other middle-class families.
The bill would retain a deduction of up to $ 10,000 per year in national and local property taxes. The Senate bill would also be through a last-minute change that helped win the support of Senator Susan Collins of Maine.
Lawmakers and lobbyists will fight furiously over the little details showing little concern that big problems will stumble on the plan. Wisconsin President Paul D. Ryan said Saturday that the House would move "quickly" to a conference committee. Members of the House plan to return to Washington Monday, a day earlier than planned, to vote at the conference
"Now it's time to make the most of the bills of the day. In a committee of the conference, "the representative of Texas, the chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, said in a press release Saturday," and finalize a bill that will significantly improve the lives of Americans for generations to come. "
After the Senate vote, some exuberant Republicans seemed to suggest that a conference might not even be necessary. "We will see," said Sen. Orrin G. Hatch of Utah, the Republican Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, when asked if he thought the House could take into account charge the Senate bill.
Texas Republican, suggested that such a move by House Republicans was possible, but said, "This will be a matter for House leadership." A senior government official, however, said Friday night that this would not likely happen.
If the Republicans go to the conference, the House and the Senate should each vote again to pass the package that resulted from these negotiations, before sending the bill to Mr. Trump . If the House were to simply approve the Senate bill, it would go directly to Mr. Trump
Unable to stop or block the bill, because the Republicans employ a process that allows them To bypass a legislative filibuster, Democrats were left steamed on the fiscal side and the process by which it was accelerating toward approval.
Democrats accused that the Senate bill had been laden with last-minute favors for the wealthy and well connected to middle-class spending, and complained that the text of the draft had been published a few hours before the vote, with handwritten modifications scribbled in the margins. Lobbyists saw a list detailing the changes before they did, Democrats said.
"Is this really how Republicans will rewrite the tax code?" Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, the minority leader, asked in a floor speech before the vote. "Doodled like something on the back of a napkin? Behind closed doors? With the help of K Street lobbyists? If it's not a recipe for defrauding the middle class and loosening the loopholes for the rich, I do not know what that is. "
As a group, the Democrats seemed resigned to the fact that they could not do much.
"My feeling is that they can have a name conference only," said Sen. Ron Wyden of Oregon, the highest Democrat on the finance committee, after the vote.
But Mr. Wyden predicted that Republicans would eventually regret their victory. "The American people will be stunned when they see what is really in there," he said.
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