WASHINGTON – Each year the president heads to New York to welcome world leaders to the United Nations General Assembly . He gives a speech and meets an unlimited number of foreign potentates to discuss a dizzying series of complicated problems, often untraceable.
The days are "much like the speed that comes out of hell," as one analyst said, and evenings are "the most tedious cocktail in the world." In other words, this is not exactly President Trump 's favorite format.
But when Mr. Trump attends the first United Nations session of his presidency next week, all eyes will be on him as counterparts from around the world create their necks and slip into the crowd to snatch a handshake – and, in the process, try to understand this very unusual American leader.
"The world is still trying to take the measure of this president," said Jon B. Alterman, Senior Vice President at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington and author of 39 speed-dating analogy. "For a number of leaders, this will be their first chance to see him, judge him, try to do his good side."
In some places, there was an instinct of rejection Mr. Trump as a political and diplomatic bombassed neophyte, obsessed with Twitter. "But the fact is you can not cancel the US president," Alterman said.
One of Mr. Trump's main tasks will be to define how his America First approach – what led him to shoot Apart from international agreements on free trade and climate change – registered in the first UN World Mission.
His challenge is to "describe the Trump Doctrine on Leadership and Global Engagement of the United States," said Zalmay Khalilzad, ambassador to the United Nations under President George W. Bush. "The perception in many parts of the world, including the UN, is that President Trump is unilateralist and isolationist, and Trump has the opportunity to present and describe his vision and strategy. ear. "
Sir. Trump arrives in New York at a time of crunches on the provocative actions of North Korea and a deep uncertainty as to what he will do with President Barack Obama's nuclear deal with Iran. While foreign leaders feared once the irregular US presidency took shape, they were reassured, to some extent, that Mr. Trump established himself in a somewhat more conventional foreign policy than many had in the past. expected, according to analysts.
The President has not launched a total trade war with China, destroyed the agreement of Iran or the North American Free Trade Agreement, or moved the US embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, at least not yet. It reaffirmed belated support to NATO and agreed to send more troops to Afghanistan.
"But US friends still see dysfunctionality at the heart of the Trump administration, as key advisors come and go through the revolving door," said Peter Westmacott, a former British ambassador to the United States. Washington. "They remain discouraged by Trump's announcements on climate change and trade policy." And "they fear that the fighting is talking about this impulsive president could make things worse rather than better on the Korean peninsula."
Preview of the week, Lieutenant-General HR McMaster, National Security Advisor to the President, said that Mr. Trump would focus on "sovereignty and accountability." Sovereignty is a term that appeals to American conservatives skeptical about the United Nations. It is also a term used by autocrats like Presidents Bashar al-Assad of Syria and Nicolás Maduro of Venezuela to reject the interference of external powers while they crush the opposition.
Sir. Trump will focus on long-standing efforts to reform what many Republicans consider to be the sclerotic and inefficient United Nations organization, but the aides would not say if it is " committed to the traditional level of American financing while Washington remains behind. "You will have to wait and see," said Nikki R. Haley, the UN ambassador.
Sir. Trump's advisors hardly mentioned the priorities of the United Nations as the so-called global targets set in 2015 to eradicate poverty and hunger, improve health and the environment and reduce inequality and discrimination based on the kind by 2030.
"The train has left the station and it wants the train to return to the station," said Sarah E. Mendelson, ambassador to the UN Economic and Social Council under the chairmanship of Mr. Obama. "This will take place regardless of what the president does or does not say."
Sir. Trump will begin Monday with a meeting on UN reform. He will meet the leaders of France and Israel and organize a dinner with Latin American leaders. On Tuesday, he will deliver his keynote address at the General Assembly, lunch with UN Secretary General António Guterres, and meet with Miroslav Lajcak, President of the General Assembly. He will also meet with the Emir of Qatar and host a diplomatic reception.
On Wednesday, Mr. Trump will meet individually with the leaders of Great Britain, Jordan, Egypt and the Palestinian Authority and organize a luncheon with African leaders. On Thursday, he will meet with the leaders of Turkey, Afghanistan and Ukraine and will organize a luncheon with the leaders of South Korea and Japan.
Ms. Haley stated that Mr. Trump would use his speech to establish markers. "Personally, I think it hits the right people, it kisses the right people, and it goes out with the US very strong in the end," she said.
North Korea will be "front and center" Ms Haley said only a few days ago, the Security Council imposed sanctions in response to its latest nuclear and missile tests. "And at that time, there is not much that the Security Council will be able to do," she said, and so "I have no concern to give it to General Mattis, because I think he has a lot of options, "she said. "said Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis.
Lunch with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe from Japan and President Moon Jae-in from South Korea could help determine the next steps. "They would also look to see if Trump is looking to a long way with North Korea and looking to diplomacy eventually," said Lisa Collins, a Korean scholar at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
The President The calendar offers different sub-lots. While Mr. Obama used his first UN visit to convene Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel and Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestinian Authority, Mr. Trump will meet with them separately on different days, aids will minimize expectations for progress its peacemaking initiative. Indeed, the aides said the meeting with Mr. Netanyahu would probably focus more on Iran, the Israeli leader urging Mr. Trump to revise or abolish the nuclear deal.
. Trump will not meet Shahid Khaqan Abbasi Pakistan's new prime minister, after recently increasing pressure on the US ally to quell the Taliban elements operating on its territory. Instead, Vice President Mike Pence will take this meeting. Similarly, Mr. Trump is not expected to attend a meeting on climate change.
Many will look at Secretary of State Rex W. Tillerson, who has been overshadowed by Mrs. Haley, to see whether he has any influence or is out. Mr. Tillerson is expected to meet with foreign ministers or leaders from Iraq, India, Russia and Myanmar, among others.
But to the extent that world leaders evaluate the new president, Mrs. Haley said that they should be impressed. "They will discover that we will be strong, we will be strong," she said. "No one is going to stop and his smile. The United States will work."
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